History of Our Cultures

Take some time to dig deep into the North Cape Coastal Region’s rich and storied history. Our museums and interpretive centers give you a fascinating glimpse into the life and experiences of our ancestors. You’ll learn more about the cultures that make up the peoples of Western PEI as well as how the past has shaped our future and given our local people their unique outlook on life.


Our roots are Mi’kmaq, Acadian and Celtic. Our people lived off the land  and the sea  in remarkable and different ways. You’ll learn more about the Mi’kmaq hunter-gatherer societies that called Epekwitk (meaning “resting on the waves”) their home for thousands of years before the first Europeans landed on these shores. The Pow Wow in August, on the impressive pow wow grounds, is an event unlike any you’ve ever witnessed. This is not a put-on tourist attraction, but rather an authentic celebration featuring opening prayers, dancing, drumming, sweat lodge and feast. Powerful drums, colourful jingle dresses and dancing will delight and amaze you. Everyone is welcome to join in the celebration.


The first European explorers arrived in the 16th century.  So lovely was our Island, that French explorer Jacques Cartier declared “…it is the fairest land ’tis possible to see!” French Acadian settlers called the Island Isle Saint-Jean. We have stories of their determination to wrest farmland from the forests of the Island and the alliances they forged with the First Nations people they encountered. A visit to the Acadian Museum of PEI in Miscouche will give you insight into the Evangeline Region and the hardships endured by the French settlers as distant governments jostled for political power and swapped lands.

English and Celtic

England took occupation of the Island in the mid-1700s. English, and later Scottish and Irish, settlers arrived to escape economic hardship in their homelands. The Island was again renamed in 1799 as Prince Edward Island in honour of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, the father of Queen Victoria.

All these stories are the building blocks of the birth of a new nation. In 1864, the Charlottetown Conference was held to discuss the idea of Canadian union. The conference led to Canada officially becoming a nation in 1867. The people of Prince Edward Island are fiercely independent, though, and it took some convincing and a promise of a continuous link to the mainland before we joined the union and became a province of Canada in 1873.

We are a young nation that is still learning and growing and striving to do right by all its peoples – the First Nations, the early settlers and the new immigrants to our shores.

Filter by:

Follow Route 11 west of Summerside, and follow it down past Union Corner Provincial Park, Mont Carmel until you reach Cape Egmont. At the turn-off to Cape Egmont Fishermen’s Cove, turn left off the main road unto Phare du Cap-Egmont Road – The Cape Egmont Lighthouse Road. It is located at the end of this short, clay road.

Just east of the lighthouse alongside Route 11 are the Bottle Houses, some of which were built by a former keeper.

From Route 12 (Church Street) in Alberton, turn south on Main Street and continue for 3 km (2 miles) on Highway 152 to Northport. The Cascumpec Lighthouse is visible on an island just offshore from the marina in Northport. If you want to take a trip aboard a pontoon boat to get a closer look at the lighthouse, contact Blair Matthews (902) 853-7943.


The lighthouse is privately owned. Grounds/dwelling/tower closed.

The Hardy’s Channel / Little Channel Lighthouse is located at the end of a long private road, so the best public views of the lighthouse are from across the inlet from Howard’s Cove Seafood Limited.


Take Route # 173 North from Freeland and then turn left onto Smith Road from where a distant, partial view of the lighthouse is possible. You might find a fisherman willing to give you a water view!

No driving directions because this lighthouse is “privately” owned.

No driving directions because this lighthouse is privately owned.

Take Route 14 on the western shore. You will enter a community called Cape Wolfe. Howard’s Cove is between Routes 146 and 147.  Look for a road called Wharf Road. There is a clay road that takes you to the lighthouse.

From Route 2 on the Central Coastal Drive (south shore) just east of Summerside, turn south onto Route 1A and drive for 10 km (6.3 miles). Turn right onto Route 171 (Callbeck Street), and then after 1.9 km (1.2 miles) turn right on Route 112 towards Lower Bedeque. Follow Route 112 to its end where you will see the Indian Head Lighthouse at the end of the breakwater. At low tide it is sometimes possible to walk out to the lighthouse.

Following Route # 12 to its end at the Northwestern point of the Island.

From Route #12 (Church Street) in Alberton, turn South on Main Street and continue for 3km (2 miles) on highway 152 to Northport Harbour. It is adjacent to the Northport Community Centre.

From Route 2 turn onto Water Street at Reads Corner. Turn left at the intersection with lights at MacEwen Road and Glover Shore Road. Turn onto Glover Shore Road and you will see it a short distance away on your right.

From Route 2, turn onto Water Street at Reads Corner. Continue heading west on Water Street until you reach a juncture with South Drive. At this point you will see this range light.

From Route 2 turn at Reads Corner onto Water Street. Continue heading west until you reach MacKenzie Drive.  You can see it adjacent to the boardwalk.


Grounds open/tower closed.

Take Highway 2 to its end at Tignish, near the northwest tip of the island. When Highway 2 ends in Tignish, turn left onto Church Street (Route 14), and then make an immediate right onto Dalton Avenue. When Dalton Avenue ends, turn right onto Route 12, and then after 1.6 km (1 mile) turn left onto Tignish Shore Road. Continue until Tignish Shore Road ends, and you will see the Tignish Run Lighthouse on the corner of Tignish Shore Road and Harbour Road.

Grounds open, tower closed. Open seasonally.

21817 Route 12, North Cape

364 Cedar Dunes Park Rd.
West Point

Take Route 2 west to Route 14. Turn left on Route 14 at Coleman Corner. Once you pass the “Welcome to West Point” sign, it is less than 1 km to where you turn left onto Harbour Road.

At the West Point Harbourside Centre, turn right onto Cedar Dunes Park Road, which leads to West Point Lighthouse.


Continue on Route 2 past Coleman Corner until you reach the round-about. Turn left to O’Leary. Follow Route 142 until you reach a T intersection. Turn left and follow Route 14 until you reach Cedar Dunes Provincial Park, or Harbour Road..

Make the most of your visit with our itineraries! GO!